Expose – наражати, виставляти
Pneumoconiosis disease – пневмоконіоз
a risk of lung cancer – ризик раку легенів
diesel vehicles – дизельні транспортні засоби
traumatic injuries – Травматичні травми
radioactive materials – радіоактивні матеріали
danger of explosion – небезпека вибуху
II. Read and translate the text.
Depending on the nature of the material being mined, there may also be a risk of damage to various organs. Particularly exposed are the lugs, with many lug diseases associated with mining. These include the pneumoconiosis or dust diseases of the lungs which are caused by coal, silica, asbestos, kaolin, talc ad many other dusts. There is also a risk of lung cancer by some of these materials, and the fumes from diesel vehicles that may be used in underground mining setting also caused a threat. In many underground mining operations there is a risk of exposure to radioactive materials, especially in the form of radon gas, which can lead to high rates of lung cancer. Most mining-related lung disease is entirely preventable with the use of good ventilation, respirators when necessary, and other precaution.
Traumatic injuries of many types are associated with mining activities. In underground mines there is the everpresent danger of explosion, foul air, water hazards, and other difficulties related to the use of mechanized equipment in confined spaces. Many injuries also take place in the transportation and processing of ore and other mined products.
III. Continue the sentences.1.Many lung diseases depend on _________________________________________
2.Most lung disease are caused by_________________________________________
3.Some materials and fumes from diesel vehicles cause _________________________
4.In many underground mining operations ___________________________________
5.Traumatic injuries of many types are associated with __________________________
6.Many injuries also take place ____________________________________________
IV. Fill in the necessary prepositions.1. Many injuries also take place ______ the transportation.
2. Particularly exposed are the lugs, with many lug diseases associated ______ mining.
3. Traumatic injuries of many types are associated _____ mining activities.
4. Dust diseases of the lungs which are caused _____ coal, silica, asbestos, kaolin, talc and many other dusts.
5. Most mining-related lung disease is entirely preventable ____ the use of good ventilation.